Dating to relationship transition
There is a notion that “once an abuser, always an abuser,” but in this study that was not always the case.
Additionally, very few participants (1.3 percent of men and 2.4 percent of women) reported relationship abuse in all of their relationships.
In adolescents, the age curve for relationship abuse showed similar rates for both males and females, but young adult females reported a significantly higher rate of perpetration than males (see Figure 1).
These gender differences should be interpreted cautiously.
Peggy Giordano “Understanding Teen Dating Violence.”) The researchers also examined the frequency of relationship violence incidents across the waves of data.
The study also had questions about other indicators of relationship characteristics to better understand patterns and consequences of abuse.After conducting in-depth interviews with a subset of participants, researchers identified several key factors involved in stopping abusive behaviors: a shift in the acceptance of violence, improving communication styles, and actively addressing problematic behaviors.Dating violence in adolescence is associated with many negative physical and mental health outcomes, and this study showed that these negative outcomes are present in young adulthood.Where relationship abuse was present, couples were more likely to be living together but not married, in casual sexual relationships, or breaking up and getting back together multiple times while dating.The risk of violence in the relationship increased if couples had lots of arguments about time spent with friends, finances, infidelity, and sexual exclusivity.